The Huipil Festvity (Embroidered dress)
This fair is the most important in Cuetzalan; it is celebrated on October 4th. It was founded in 1963 by Mr. Augustine G. Márquez Sánchez; the main event in this festivity is the election of a queen among the youths of the native communities belonging to the municipality of Cuetzalan.
The young ladies must have between 14 and 20 years of age and speak Nahuatl and Spanish, they must know to weave an embroidered dress in the pre-hispanic way, the waist loom, and to possess the purity and the beauty of the indigenous characteristics. The participants should go dressed in their traditional suit, without no alien element to their culture. After the jury brings to light its verdict, the Dance of the Voladores in the center of the parochial atrium is initiated, in this manner they present honors to the new representative of the native beauty, this starts a long day of music and dances in honor of San Francisco. An Encounter of Huapango is carried out organized by the radio station of the pro-Indian National Institute. The most famous huapangueros of the region are gathered together; they all travel from their communities to share in this day their musical repertoire.
The Fair of the Coffee in Cuetzalan is full of tradition and color, it is also celebrated on October 4th; being the Coffee one of the base products for the economy of the region, its importance in the community is celebrated with this fair, the central element is this delicious and important product. There are many places in Cuetzalan where you can buy coffee of the region as well as restaurants and cafés where the tourist can enjoy a good cup of this marvelous grain.
Other important festivals
Day of the Dead
The 1st and 2nd of November the festivity of the Day of the Dead is celebrated in the region. The religion is a mixture of pre-hispanic rites and the Catholicism; this forms part of the native life, being the festivals of “All saints” and the “Fieles Difuntos” the most important of the municipality.
An indispensable element in the cultural tradition of the region is the dances, Cuetzalan counts with different groups of dance, emphasizing: “The Negritos”, The Santiagos, The Cuetzaltines or Quetzals and The Voladores.
Dramatic representation of the fight between moorish and Christians in which Santiago, the holy owner of the Spanish conquerors, appears mounted on a white horse of wood, elected by the natives as central element of the dance.
This dance is performed by men who dance in line with the chief, some times in the center, the maringuilla, a young one Malinche, which carries a snake of wood with which outlines figures in the air
Quetzales or Cuetzaltines
In this dance is emphasized the elaborate feathered headdress full of colors and crowned also by feathers of bird, this hat rests on the head of the cuetzaltique, a single dancer, which carries in the hand a little bell to mark the compass and dance to the sound of the flute of reed of three tones and the two face drum, that a musician plays.